Top 5 Frontend Frameworks for Web Development

Frontend frameworks are used to create elegant, easy-to-use and intuitive web UI. This article lists the top 5 frontend frameworks of 2021 for building a captivating website. We have described each framework clearly for their pros as well as cons so that you can take decision wisely.
Top 5 Frontend Frameworks with a frontend development image

Frontend frameworks facilitate the job of web developers, front end engineers, javascript developers and full-stack developers. These software packages provide pre-written/reusable code modules, standardized front-end technologies, and ready-made interface blocks making it faster and easier for developers to craft sustainable web applications and UIs without coding every function or object from scratch.  

Front-end frameworks include certain development instruments, such as a grid making it simple to place and position the UI design components, pre-defined font settings, and website standard building blocks (i.e. side panels, buttons, navigation bars, etc.)  

React, Angular, and Vue are the most popular among developers, which also makes them the top three frontend frameworks of 2021.  

 

1. React  

React is a front end open-source JavaScript library used to create interactive UIs (User Interfaces) which helps in improving the speed of applications. It is one of the simplest frameworks to learn and was developed by Facebook to resolve the code maintainability issues due to constant addition and improvements. It is still maintained by Facebook and other individual front end engineers.  

Developed by: Facebook Engineers  

 

Numbers / Metrics / Statistics :  

  • 13% of top 10k websites uses React.  
  • 3 million active users as of January 2021  
  • 80% of developers had positive experience (sources :  
  • 34k Github stars (Source: github.com)  

 

Pros:  

  • Easy to learn, use and implement.  
  • Built Components can be reused in other parts of the application.  
  • Its virtual DOM (document object model ) allows exceptional functionality and provides consistent, seamless performance. It  ensures fast rendering for high load applications.  
  • It improves productivity and maintenance as changes can be easily made.  
  • It has an advanced browser extension named React developer tools, which allows the developer to make detailed observations about their components to  improve and enhance them.  

 

Cons:  

  • JSX concepts can be a bit difficult for developers).  
  • Constant and multiple updates makes the proper documentation bit difficult.  
  • ReactJS only provides frontend solutions.  

 

Top Companies / Websites using react :  

2. Angular

Angular is a modern TypeScript-based, open-source framework and one of the top-rated software development tools. Angular features Directives allows developers to program special behaviours of the DOM, making it possible to create rich and dynamic HTML content. Angular has a Hierarchical dependency injection function, which makes code components highly testable, reusable, and easier to control: it helps to define code dependencies as external elements decoupling components from their dependencies.  

 

Developed by: Google in 2010  

 

Numbers / Metrics / Statistics:

  • More than 600K websites were developed with Angular.  
  • 75k Github stars (Source: github.com)  

 

Pros:  

  • In-built functionality to update the changes made in the model to the view and vice-versa  
  • Reduces the amount of code as two-way data binding are provided by default  
  • Decouples the components from the dependencies by defining them external elements  
  • Components are reusable using the dependency injection  

 

Cons:

  • Difficult for beginners and overwhelming for smaller teams  
  • Limited SEO capabilities  
  • Bloated code and large in size  
  • Dynamic applications can lag sometimes and may not perform up to the mark.  

 

Top Companies / Websites using react :  

 

3. Vuejs

Vue is one of the beginner-friendliest frameworks, coming with well-elaborated documentation and a supportive community. Vue has an extensive choice of tools, such as end-to-end testing tools, plugin installation systems, browser debugging tools, server renderer, state manager, and others.  

 

Vue features virtual DOM, component-based architecture, and two-way binding, which underlies its high-speed performance: all that makes it easier to update related components and track data changes  

 

Developed by:  Evan You, 2014  

Numbers / Metrics / Statistics :
  • More than 700k websites have been built with Vuejs.  
  • 186k Github stars  
  • 20.28% of top 10k website use vuejs .  
  • 1,606,204 live websites use vuejs.  
  • An additional 893,787 sites used Vuejs in past. (Source: builtwith.com)  

 

Pros:  

  • Extensive and detailed documentation  
  • Simple syntax – programmers with a javascript background can easily get started with Vuejs  
  • Flexibility to design the app structure  
  • Typescript support  

Cons:

  • Lack of stability in components  
  • Relatively small community  
  • Language barrier with plugins and components  

Top Companies / Websites :  

 

4. JQuery

jQuery is one of the earliest frontend frameworks. jQuery offers simplicity and ease to use, and minimizes the need to write extensive JavaScript codes. jQuery is used to manipulate CSS and DOM and to optimize the functionality and interactivity of a website. It enables developers to build native mobile applications with its HTML5-based UI system–jQuery Mobile. jQuery is browser-friendly and supports any browser you intend to use.  

 

Developed by: John Resig in 2006  

 

Numbers / Metrics / Statistics:  

  • 55k Github stars (Source: github.com)  
  • 3.18% of top 10k website use Jquery.  
  • 222,200 live websites use jQuery  
  • An additional 437,243 sites used jQuery in past. (Source: builtwith.com)  

 

Pros:  

  • DOM is flexible for adding or removing the elements  
  • Sending HTTP requests is simplified  
  • Facilitates dynamic content  
  • One of the best UI frameworks gives it good compatibility with cross-platforms  

 

Cons:

  • Many advanced alternatives are available other than jQuery  
  • The APIs of the document object model is obsolete.  
  • It’s highly vulnerable to alterations  
  • It can lead to massive errors in the future if not used with a proper JS foundation.  
  • jQuery is slower as compared to CSS.  

 

Top Companies / Websites:

 

5. Emberjs  

Emberjs is component-based and offers two-way data binding similar to Angular. It is designed to handle the increasing demands of modern-day technologies seamlessly. It is used to develop complex mobile and web applications with Emberjs and expect its efficient architecture to handle concerns.  

 

Developed by: Yehuda Katz in 2016  

 

Numbers / Metrics / Statistics :

  • 21k Github stars (Source: github.com)  
  • 34,015 live websites use Ember  
  • Additional 94,463 sites that used Ember historically  
  • 1.34% of top 10k websites uses Emberjs. (Source: builtwith.com)  

Pros:

  • It is one of the fastest Frameworks available in the market.  
  • It provides two-way data binding.  
  • A well-developed and fully packed Package ecosystem for all your needs.  
  • It is backwards compatible, so the older versions of applications will still work flawlessly despite new updates.  

 

Cons:  

  • A small community, less popular  
  • Complex syntax and slow updates  
  • Hard learning curve  
  • Heavy framework for small applications  

Top Companies / Websites:

If you are interested in joining an organization working on cutting-edge technologies, apply to raftlabs.co/careers